Solar energy is renewable, abundant, and the cleanest source of energy that can be used for residential consumption. By having the system installed at homes, homeowners are assured of lower monthly electric bills. 

It also helps in reducing your carbon footprint and gives you protection against power hikes in the future. It’s environment-friendly, so you are doing your share of caring for the planet when you make the switch.

How does it work? Your provider will install PV or photovoltaic systems on your roof. They are responsible for converting the energy coming from the sun into electricity. The PV system is comprised of mounting equipment, breakers, inverters, and solar panels. 

Its main components are the modules or the solar panels. They work by generating power by making direct current (DC) electricity from the sun’s energy. The DC electricity will then go through inverters and become AC or alternating current suitable for your home use.

Two Types of Solar Energy Systems for Home Use

You have two options for the types of solar PV systems you can have installed at your home: Grid-tied and off-grid systems.


The system will supply your home with AC electricity whenever needed. It will also course the excess electricity to the local grid, such as Fortis and BC Hydro. 

Solar Power Generation will ensure you have a net-metering program in place. This will ensure that any excess electricity from the PV system will flow into the grid when the house does not need it.


The system is not connected to the grid. It supplies AC electricity to the house and stores the excess DC electricity on batteries. This will free you from having to pay any electric bill while your house becomes fully dependent on solar energy for electricity.

Grid-Tied Systems for Residential Use

Here are the top things you need to know about these solar electric systems for home use:

  • The system usually exceeds energy production at times when you use less electricity than usual, such as during the night or on rainy days. 
  • Any excess power goes directly to the grid.
  • Your utility company will provide you with a bidirectional meter so you can track and measure your energy usage credits.
  • Solar panels can also provide the energy needed to charge your electric vehicles.
  • You can have the solar panels installed on the roofs of your garage and/or home.